Titanium has the highest strength to weight ratio imaginable. A niobium content can be found in the 6al 4v titanium package as well. Like titanium, niobium has several features of its own. It has an excellent corrosion resistance when submerged in concentrated acids and liquid alkaline metals. It is ductile. It also has good heat resistance and its melting point is high. Low neutron capture is possible across sections.
Because of titanium’s high strength to weight ratios, it is suited to a wide range of applications. Titanium alloys are classed into three main categories, namely alpha, beta and alpha-beta. Note, however, that alpha alloys are not heat treatable. They only contain neutral alloying elements, as in the case of tin, and alpha stabilizers, aluminum and oxygen being two good examples. Beta alloys, on the other hand, are metastable.
Sufficient beta stabilizers in place alloy the alloys to fully retain its beta phase when quenching. These stabilizers can be solution-treated and aged in order to achieve the requisite levels of strength. And the alpha-beta alloys are heat treatable. The titanium 6AL 4V is the most common titanium allow. It current accounts for over fifty percent of total titanium use. Able to achieve moderate increases in strength, it is also heat treatable.
The 6AL 4V titanium is an able lightweight alloy in the event that excellent corrosion resistance is sought. It still has the capacity for high strength at low to moderate temperatures. This titanium is being utilized in medical devices, aircraft turbine engine parts and components, aerospace fasteners, as well as high quality automotive parts and components, and including marine and sports equipment. Finally, niobium and its alloys are being applied to chemical processing technologies, electronica, as well as nuclear technologies.